FIRST FEMALE LT. GEN. IN U.S. ARMED FORCES

The U.S. military has always been fertile soil for firsts throughout our nation’s history, and the promotion of Carol A. Mutter to become the nation’s first female lieutenant general serves as a perfect case in point for Women’s History Month.

Women have served in the military from the earliest years of our representative republic.

Deborah Sampson (Gannett) served covertly when she disguised herself as a man under the assumed name of Robert Shurtleff, to join the Continental Army and fight in the Revolutionary War in 1782. Sampson went so far as to cut a musket ball out of her own thigh to prevent a battlefield surgeon from discovering her true gender. She was honorably discharged as a private in 1793.

Women gained the opportunity to serve openly in World War 1 when Congress opened the military to women in 1914. However, it took more than two centuries between the time Sampson first shouldered a musket to the time when women served as general (flag rank) officers in the American military. Mutter achieved one-star brigadier general rank in 1991.

Three years later Mutter became the first woman in the history of America’s military to achieve two-star major general rank in 1994, and two years after that in 1996 she became the first woman to become a three-star lieutenant general in any American military branch.

Born in 1945 in Greeley, Colorado, Mutter graduated in 1967 from officer candidate school at the University of Northern Colorado as a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps.

Mutter had a number of firsts during her 32-year career in the Corps:
•First woman to qualify as Command Center Crew Commander/Space Director at U.S. Space Command.
• First woman of flag rank (general officer rank) to command a major deployable tactical command.
• First woman Marine major general, and senior woman in all the services at that time.
• First woman nominated by a U.S. president (Bill Clinton) for three-star rank.
• First female lieutenant general in the U.S. Armed Forces.
During a 2014 interview for the documentary Unsung Heroes: The Story of America’s Female Patriots, Mutter explains why she joined the Marine Corps during the early years of the Vietnam War.

“Because they’re the best, there’s no doubt about that,” she said. “ … when I joined, (the Corps) was only one percent female and there were no women in the deployed forces at all. So, as long as the women were back in the rear doing the jobs that the men didn’t want to do, there was not much of a problem.”

The general has been recognized as a trailblazer by several different organizations. Among them is the National Women’s Hall of Fame which inducted the general in 2017.

Mutter retired from the Corps in 1999 and lives with her husband at their home in Lookout Mountain, Tennessee.

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8 thoughts on “FIRST FEMALE LT. GEN. IN U.S. ARMED FORCES”

  1. thank you for your dedication and service to our corps, our country… !! congratulations for your accomplishments… !! Semper Fi General… !!

  2. General Carol Mutter and Vol James Mutter are members of the Marine Air Traffic Control Association. Both have gone above and beyond assisting our Associtation however they could, and have always volunteered their services when they felt the need would benefit our Association and the U S Marine Corps. Congratulations on all of your hard earned accomplishments. You are an inspiration! SEMPER FI, GENERAL!

  3. Sorry for the “phat fingers” in my previous post. it is General Carol Mutter and Col James Mutter. My spelling apology!!

  4. Carol, you may not remember me as Captain Daniel Upham, we sat close by at MCTSSA. You were an impressive leader than and I can see you continue to achieve at the highest levels in the United States Marine Corp. Congratulation to you and your husband Col James Mutter who also worked in TSTD at MCTSSA. Makes me very proud to have known you and your husband and served with you for a short time. Semper Fidelis!

  5. I have met Marines who have been an inspiration to me but none that could have stood as tall as you. Your name is nothing but pride. I look at your photo with a true salute and a loud SEMPER FIDELIS Ma’am. Rest yourself wonderfully as you have served your time both above and beyond!

  6. “M’AM, YES MAM…SALUTE !!!” CONGRATULATIONS & THANK YOU FOR YOUR MILITARY SERVICE, TO PROTECT OUR NATION. ENJOY YOUR RETIREMENT, BECAUSE YOU HAVE MOST CERTAINLY EARNED IT. KEEP YOUR BLADES SHARP & EVERY SHOT INSIDE THE 10-RING. OOORAH & SEMPER FIDELIS !!!!! BTW: I HAVE BEEN AM A FULL-TIME VOLUNTEER SINCE 2012, WITH THE “SEMPER FI SOCIETY OF THE BRAZOS VALLEY” IN SEALY, TX. I AM 68 YEARS OLD & HOLD THE RANK OF AN “E-1” WITH MY MARINE FAMILY. NEVER ACTUALLY SERVED IN THE CORPS, BUT MY “EGA” IS TATTOOED ON MY HEART—RAH !!

  7. General Mutter was a fair leader and a very gracious women and Marine Leader. I hope all is well for you in your retirement. R/s GySgt M J Brelsford 3d FSSG S2/3 Camp Kinser Okinawa Japan

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